Research Methodology MCQ

Question 1 : The numbers assigned to the members of Team India is an example of ______ scale.

  1. Nominal
  2. Ordinal
  3. Ratio
  4. Interval

Question 2 : Which type of sampling does not require a sampling frame?

  1. Judgemental sampling
  2. Convenience sampling
  3. Deliberate sampling
  4. Quota sampling

Question 3 : A research paper is a brief report of research work based on __________.

  1. Secondary data only
  2. Primary data only
  3. Both primary and Secondary data
  4. Neither from secondary nor from primary data

Question 4 : Seeing a very big rally it was reported that congress will win the election. The conclusion was based on

  1. Random sampling
  2. Cluster sampling
  3. Systematic sampling
  4. Purposive sampling

Question 5 : A good qualitative problem statement:

  1. Defines the independent and dependent variables
  2. Conveys a sense of emerging design
  3. Specifies a research hypothesis to be tested
  4. Specifies the relationship between variables that the researcher expects to find

Question 6 : A straight replication study has provided results very similar to the original study. As a result what can we confidently say about this new information?

  1. We can say very little
  2. We can say that the original findings are replicable.
  3. The new information explains why the original findings came about.
  4. The new information has increased our understanding of the original findings

Question 7 : A statistical measure based upon the entire population is called parameter while measure based upon a sample is known as:

  1. Inference
  2. Statistics
  3. Sample parameter
  4. Tabular

Question 8 : Which of the following is not a problem statement for the applied research study

  1. Is genetically modified food hurting health?
  2. Is violence in the media and in video games damaging children's mental health?
  3. A study assessing whether men or women are more likely to suffer from depression
  4. How does immigration affect the economy of the India

Question 9 : _________ is compared to light house for ocean going ship

  1. Research tool
  2. Research methodology
  3. Supervisor
  4. Data obtained

Question 10 : Which of the following is correct when planning to do social research,

  1. Approach the topic with an open mind
  2. Do a pilot study before getting stuck into it
  3. Be familiar with the literature on the topic
  4. Forget about theory because this is a very practical undertaking can't have one without the other

Question 11 : In an experimental hypothesis-testing research, when a group is exposed to usual conditions, it is called as _____.

  1. Control group
  2. Experimental group
  3. Usual group
  4. Treatment group

Question 12 : Survey research studies _________

  1. Circumstances
  2. Events
  3. Populations
  4. Processes

Question 13 : In Research Methodology, Scientific method is committed to

  1. Objectivity
  2. Ethics
  3. Proposition
  4. Neutrality

Question 14 : Last step in problem formulation is

  1. Field survey
  2. Rephrasing the Research problem
  3. Literature survey
  4. Experimentation

Question 15 : Expert opinion survey is a technique used in

  1. Exploratory research design
  2. Descriptive research design
  3. Pre-experimental designs
  4. Quasi-experimental designs

Question 16 : According to the authors, research methods are everything except:

  1. Unstructured
  2. Unbiased
  3. Sequential
  4. Directed

Question 17 : Hypothesis refers to -------

  1. The outcome of an experiment
  2. A conclusion drawn from an experiment
  3. A form of bias in which the subject tries to outguess the experimenter
  4. A tentative statement about the relationship

Question 18 : Which sampling procedure involves grouping the population and then selecting the groups or the clusters rather than individual elements for inclusion in the sample?

  1. Area sampling
  2. Cluster sampling
  3. Multi-stage sampling
  4. Deliberate sampling

Question 19 : _______ is a classical form of research.

  1. Narrative study
  2. Grounded theory
  3. Case study
  4. Experiment

Question 20 : ________ allows a researcher to identify any modification or advancement for the betterment of target subject.

  1. Exploratory research
  2. Historical research
  3. Longitudinal research
  4. Laboratory research

Question 21 : The main advantage of structured observation over survey research is:

  1. It does not rely on the researcher's ability to take notes
  2. The researcher is immersed as a participant in the field they are studying
  3. It does not impose any expectations of behavior on the respondents
  4. It allows you to observe people's behaviour directly

Question 22 : In the cluster sampling, the elements within the clusters are ---______ and the clusters are _______.

  1. Homogeneous , heterogeneous
  2. Heterogeneous, Homogeneous
  3. Heterogeneous, Heterogeneous
  4. Homogeneous, Homogeneous

Question 23 : Which are interviews are those interviews that are designed to discover underlying motives and desires and are often used in motivational research?

  1. Content
  2. Depth
  3. Personal
  4. Pre-requisite

Question 24 : In the proportionate allocation scheme, the size of the sample is in each stratum is proportional to ______.

  1. The size of the population of strata
  2. Sample mean of strata
  3. Population mean
  4. The mean of the sample population

Question 25 : Which one of the following principles is not applicable to sampling?

  1. Sample units must be clearly defined
  2. Sample units must be dependent on each other
  3. Same units of sample should be used throughout the study
  4. Sample units must be chosen in a systematic and objective manner

Question 26 : The most frequently occurring score in a distribution

  1. Mean
  2. Mode
  3. Median
  4. Quartile

Question 27 : In the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by

  1. Statement of Objectives
  2. Analysis of Data
  3. Selection of Research Tools
  4. Collection of Data

Question 28 : In the determination of average per cent of change i.e., it is often used in the preparation of index numbers or when we deal in ratios, which type of mean is used?

  1. Geometric mean
  2. Harmonic mean
  3. Mode
  4. Median

Question 29 : Which of the following seems to be the problem statement for the fundamental research study

  1. How does the consumption of oil in the United States affect its economy?
  2. Does marijuana pose a greater or smaller health risk than tobacco, when smoked?
  3. Has U.S. policy contributed to terrorism?
  4. Does the Newton’s 3rd law of motion valid ?

Question 30 : Which of the following is not the characteristic of a researcher following proper research methodology?

  1. He is not versatile in his interest and even in his native abilities
  2. He is a specialist rather than a generalist
  3. He is object oriented
  4. He is industrious and persistent on the trial of discovery

Question 31 : In factorial design, the effect of price and packing size of product needs to be studied at three and two levels respectively. How many different levels of treatments would be produced?

  1. 6
  2. 8
  3. 2
  4. 12

Question 32 : What type of editing implies that all forms should get a thorough editing by a single editor in a small study and by a team of editors in case of a large inquiry?

  1. Field
  2. Central
  3. Translating
  4. Simple

Question 33 : Second step in problem formulation is

  1. Statement of the problem
  2. Understanding the nature of the problem
  3. Survey
  4. Discussions

Question 34 : Which experimental research design allows for statistical control of two non-interacting extraneous variables in addition to the manipulation of treatment variable?

  1. Completely randomized design
  2. Randomized block design
  3. Latin square design
  4. Factorial design

Question 35 : A researcher divides the populations into PG, graduates and (10+2) students and using the random digit table he selects some of them from each. This is technically called

  1. Stratified sampling
  2. Stratified random sampling
  3. Representative sampling,
  4. Systematic Sampling

Question 36 : ___________ relies on experience or observation alone, often without due regard for system and theory.

  1. Empirical research
  2. Conceptual research
  3. Applied research
  4. Fundamental research

Question 37 : _____ are statements/assumptions made -about the likely outcomes of the problem-which may or may not be true.

  1. Hypotheses
  2. Research questions
  3. Marketing research problems
  4. Analytical models

Question 38 : The _________ development is made on the basis of mental connections and associations between the one thing and another by means of analysis.

  1. Chronological
  2. Logical
  3. Sequential
  4. Progressive

Question 39 : Basing conclusions without any bias and value judgment is ______.

  1. Objectivity
  2. Specificity
  3. Values
  4. Facts

Question 40 : The measure that indicate strength of the relationship between two or more variable is known as:

  1. Measure of central tendency
  2. Measure of dispersion
  3. Measure of shape
  4. Measure of association

Question 41 : From a random sample of 36 New Delhi civil service personnel, the mean age and the sample standard deviation were found to be 40 years and 4.5 years respectively. Construct a 95 per cent confidence interval for the mean age of civil servants in New Delhi.

  1. 40±1.47
  2. 44.5±1.47
  3. 40±1.7
  4. 45±1.7

Question 42 : Which are the characteristics of research; (i) Research is directed toward the solution of a problem. (ii) Research does not require expertise. (iii) Research emphasizes the development of generalizations, principles, or theories that will be helpful in predicting future occurrences. (iv) Research is based upon observable experience or empirical evidences.

  1. i, ii, iii and iv
  2. i, ii and iv
  3. i, iii and iv
  4. ii, iii and iv

Question 43 : ________ is the blueprint that has been created to answer research questions in a systematic and controlled manner.

  1. Research design
  2. Research methods
  3. Research proposal
  4. Research classification

Question 44 : An essential Criterion of Scientific study is ________.

  1. Belief
  2. Value
  3. Objectivity
  4. Subjectivity

Question 45 : Which is the main objective of research?

  1. To review the literature
  2. To summarize what is already known
  3. To get an academic degree
  4. To discover new facts or to make fresh interpretation of known facts

Question 46 : Which of the following sampling methods could be used to make an estimate of the sampling error?

  1. Convenience sampling
  2. Probability sampling
  3. Quota sampling
  4. Snow-ball sampling

Question 47 : In the process of conducting research 'formulation of hypothesis' is followed by

  1. Statement of objectives
  2. Analysis of data
  3. Selection of research tools
  4. Collection of data

Question 48 : Which of the following is not covered under Intellectual Property Rights?

  1. Copyrights
  2. Patents
  3. Trade Marks
  4. Thesaurus

Question 49 : Research problems did not have base at

  1. Literature review
  2. Library websites
  3. News Media
  4. Discussion with your professors and peers

Question 50 : Social science research provides

  1. Research degree along with its consequential benefits
  2. Solution for an immediate problem
  3. Conclusions which are capable of being verified by observation or experiment
  4. Information to the people that are scientifically proven so that end users can rely upon it.
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